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Journal of Craniomandibular Function



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J CranioMand Func 5 (2013), No. 3     9. Sep. 2013
J CranioMand Func 5 (2013), No. 3  (09.09.2013)

Page 267-276, Language: English/German

Change of the condyle-position in maximum intercuspidation during digital, clinical occlusal analysis
Bicaj, Teuta / Usami, Hiroshi / Mericske-Stern, Regina / Kolgeci, Lumni / Katsoulis, Norbert Joannis / Bayer, Stefan / Enkling, Norbert
Digital analysis of the occlusal contacts can be performed with the T-scan device (T Scan III, TekScan, Boston, USA). However, the thickness of the interocclusal T-scan sheet (100 μm) may lead to a displacement of the mandible. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the T-scan sheet on the position of the mandibular condyles in maximum intercuspidation. Twenty dentate subjects with healthy jaw function were enrolled in the study. An ultrasonic axiography device was used to measure the position of the condyles. Ten 3D condyle positions in maximum intercuspidation of the teeth were recorded: first the reference position without the sheet, then 3 times without the sheet, 3 times with the sheet, and finally again 3 times without the sheet. There was a statistically significant difference (Wilcoxon matched pairs test) between the condyle positions with and without the interocclusally positioned T-scan sheet (P < 0.0005). The T-scan device lead to a displacement of the condyles of about 1 mm mainly in ventral direction (P = 0.005). Thus, occlusal analysis is not performed in physiological, maximum intercuspidation. This has to be considered when interpreting the measured contact points.

Keywords: occlusion, axiography, T-scan sheet, jaw motion, zebris, T-Scan III